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What Are Each State's Income Tax Rates?

Every U.S. state has its own income tax rates, in addition to the federal taxes that you must pay every year.

Many people also opt to move to a state with lower taxes to minimize the amount paid in taxes.

Seven states do not collect taxes on earned income while the others have state income taxes of up to 13.3%.

States With No Income Taxes

These are the U.S. states that do not impose any state income tax:

  • Alaska
  • Florida
  • Nevada
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

State Income Tax Rates

The U.S. states with state income taxes may impose a flat rate or progressive rates. 

  • Flat rate: The same tax rate applies to all income levels
  • Progressive rates: Higher income levels are taxed at a higher percentage rate. Essentially, the higher the income, the more state income tax paid.

The following state income tax rates apply to single filers for the 2020 tax year:

  • Alabama: 2% to 5%
  • Alaska: None
  • Arizona: 2.59% to 4.50%
  • Arkansas: 2% to 6.6%
  • California: 1% to 12.3% (additional 1% on taxable income over $1 million)
  • Colorado: 4.63%
  • Connecticut: 3.0% to 6.99%
  • Delaware: 0% to 6.6%
  • Florida: None
  • Georgia: 1% to 5.75%
  • Hawaii: 1.4% to 11%
  • Idaho: 1.125% to 6.925%
  • Illinois: 4.95%
  • Indiana: 3.23%
  • Iowa: 0.33% to 8.53%
  • Kansas: 3.1% to 5.7%
  • Kentucky: 5%
  • Louisiana: 2% to 6%
  • Maine: 5.8% to 7.15%
  • Maryland: 2% to 5.75%
  • Massachusetts: 5%
  • Michigan: 4.25%
  • Minnesota: 5.35% to 9.85%
  • Mississippi: 3% to 5%
  • Missouri: 1.5% to 5.4%
  • Montana: 1% to 6.9%
  • Nebraska: 2.46% to 6.84%
  • Nevada: None
  • New Hampshire: 5% (only on dividends and interest income)
  • New Jersey: 1.4% to 10.75%
  • New Mexico: 1.7% to 4.9%
  • New York: 4% to 8.82%
  • North Carolina: 5.25%
  • North Dakota: 1.1% to 2.9%
  • Ohio: 0% to 4.797%
  • Oklahoma: 0.5% to 5%
  • Oregon: 4.75% to 9.9%
  • Pennsylvania: 3.07%
  • Rhode Island: 3.75% to 5.99%
  • South Carolina: 0% to 7%
  • South Dakota: None
  • Tennessee: 1% (only on dividends and interest income)
  • Texas: None
  • Utah: 4.95%
  • Vermont: 3.35% to 8.75%
  • Virginia: 2% to 5.75%
  • Washington: None
  • West Virginia: 3% to 6.5%
  • Wisconsin: 4% to 7.65%
  • Wyoming: None
  • District of Columbia (D.C): 4% to 8.95%

How State Incomes Taxes Are Collected

Like with federal income taxes, state income taxes are typically collected automatically through every paycheck.

It’s important to note that taxpayers who work in one state and reside in another state will not have to pay double the taxes.