Opening a joint bank account can streamline your financial life if you’re married, but it’s not without certain pitfalls. Today, I explain some of the biggest disadvantages associated with joint accounts if the relationship doesn’t end up working out.
Fights about money aren’t uncommon in marriage, and according to at least one survey, 70 percent of couples argue over financial matters from time to time. If you share a bank account with your significant other, that may add to the stress if you’re not on the same page about how to manage it.
Joint bank accounts can create even more problems if the relationship doesn’t work out. Having been through a separation in the last year, I found out first hand how easy it is to get burned when you’ve got all your assets mixed in with your spouse’s. I’ve since sworn off joint accounts for good, thanks to some costly lessons I learned along the way.
If you share a checking or savings account with someone, here’s what you need to know on the off chance that things go south.
Joint accounts don’t offer individual protections
When you open a joint account, whether it’s with a spouse, parent or anyone else you both have an equal share in its ownership. Any assets that go into it belong to each of you, regardless of who actually deposits the money. That also means, however, that either one of you can pull cash out or transfer it to a different account whenever you like.
My husband and I shared a joint checking account and a joint savings account. As the primary breadwinner, he was responsible for most of what went into those accounts, and it was my job to make sure all the bills were paid. When the marriage ended, he withdrew half the amount in our savings account and moved it to a different bank. Because the account had both our names on it, the bank didn’t ask any questions and I didn’t find out about it until after it the transaction was completed.
While that was a pretty rude awakening, the most frustrating part was that it could have been avoided by making a simple change to the terms of the account. If you request it, you can have a joint account set up so that both parties must provide their signature any time a withdrawal is made through a teller. Had I done that, I still would have agreed to split the account evenly, but at least I wouldn’t have been caught off-guard.
You’re both on the hook if the account ends up in the negative
Since you and the person you’ve opened a joint account with are both considered equal owners of the assets, it makes sense that you’d also be equally responsible for its liabilities. If one person is making purchases or withdrawals and the account ends up in the negative, the bank is going to start piling on the overdraft fees. Even if you’re no longer using the account, you still technically owe those fees as long as it’s in your name.
Following our initial separation, my husband and I weren’t able to close our joint checking account right away. During the transition, I opened new accounts at a different bank and began using them to pay my bills. Meanwhile, he continued to deposit just enough money into the old account to keep paying certain bills that had been set up as automatic drafts.
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