overdraft-fees

Anyone who’s been slapped with an overdraft fee knows how expensive and frustrating it can be. An overdraft fee is one of the most expensive fees that a bank can charge you. And, the irony of getting charged a hefty overdraft fee for not having enough money in your bank account is why it’s the object of scorn for so many consumers.

The next check that you write could come with an expensive fee if you don’t have enough money.

According to a banking analysis by MyBankTracker, overdraft fees for each transaction that resulted in a negative account balance would generally range from $34 to $36 at the largest U.S. banks.

Overdraft Fees at Top Banks

BankOverdraft FeeMax # Of Fees Charged Per Day
Bank of America$354
Wells Fargo$353
Chase$343
Citibank$344
U.S. Bank$364
PNC Bank$364
Capital One$354
TD Bank$355
BB&T$366
SunTrust$366
Regions Bank$366
M&T Bank$38.505
Citizens Bank$357
Fifth Third Bank$375
BBVA Compass$386
BMO Harris Bank$354
Santander$356
Union Bank$336
Ally$251

Overdraft Fee vs. Non-Sufficient Funds Fee

Most banks charge the same fee amount for overdrafts and non-sufficient funds, which can confuse consumers into thinking that the terms are interchangeable. However, there are subtle differences between the two based on your transaction and the type of service you receive.

An overdraft fee is assessed when the bank pays an overdraft for an item that you charged to your account without having enough available funds to cover the purchase. It will cause your account to go into the red and result in a debit balance on the account.

A non-sufficient funds fee differs from an overdraft fee because the bank does not pay for the overdraft item. Rather, the NSF fee is accessed when the bank returns an item unpaid due to insufficient funds.

Although you might be charged the same amount in both situations, overdraft coverage will give you an added layer of protection from acquiring any additional late charges and help you avoid the humiliation of bouncing a check.

When You’re Not Charged an Overdraft Fee

Ultimately, your bank decides whether your transactions will be covered by overdraft or if you’ll be assessed a non-sufficient funds charge. Note: the bank is not required to cover any overdraft charge by law. You also have the option of opting out of all overdraft services. In that case, instead of an overdraft fee, you will be charged an insufficient funds fee for payments you make without enough money in your account.

Banks may pay overdrafts on authorized automatic bill payments, checks, and transactions made using your checking account number. On the other hand, banks will not authorize and pay overdrafts for ATM and debit card transactions — and you will simply be declined at the point of sale or at the ATM.

Another case in which you might be pardoned from an overdraft fee is when the account is overdrawn below the overdraft balance threshold amount, usually $5.00 or less, as many banks may choose to honor these low-risk charges. The overdraft balance threshold allows a customer to have a negative balance up to a certain amount without worrying about overdraft fees. For example, PNC Bank has an overdraft balance threshold at $5, which means you will not be charged an overdraft fee as long as your negative balance is less than $5.

Banks also have daily fee limits for overdraft and NSF fees, where the account holder is protected from being charged more than five of these charges within one business day.

How to Avoid Overdraft Fees

Overdraft fees commonly occur due to lack of funds or confusion about when those funds will be available to you.

Either way, it’s a costly mistake that can be avoided by monitoring your accounts, tracking your payments and planning ahead to ensure that you don’t exceed your available balance.

If you're still going to spend when you don't have enough funds, remember to pay back any funds as soon as possible. Photo: Shutterstock
Take steps to know your balance at all times to avoid overdrawing your account.

Get another bank account

Having one bank account for your bills and everyday spending is convenient but it may increase the risk of ending up in overdraft if you’re not keeping track of your transactions. It’s particularly dangerous if you normally write checks to pay some of your bills. Spending money based on what your available balance is can lead to overdrafts if you have multiple check payments pending.

Parking your paycheck in a separate checking account and setting up automatic payments for your monthly bills ensures that all of your essentials are paid on time and as long as your deposits are enough to cover what’s being drafted out, you won’t need to worry about getting hit with an overdraft fee. You can link a separate account to use for discretionary spending and set up automatic transfers for each pay period.

Open an overdraft line of credit

If you’ve had a bank account for any length of time, you’ve likely been offered the option to enroll in overdraft protection services. Typically, when you “opt in,” you agree to let the bank transfer money from a linked savings account or credit card to your checking account to cover any transactions that would otherwise put you in the red. There is a fee for this service but it’s usually less than the standard overdraft fee.

A safer option is to establish an overdraft line of credit. Anytime you have a transaction that exceeds your account balance, the bank pays it from your line of credit. You’ll pay interest on what you borrow against your credit line until you make a deposit that puts your account back in the positive. We’ve broken down how the rates and fees compare for overdraft lines of credit at the top banks below.

Bank NameAPRFees
Bank of AmericaN/AN/A
BB&T18%$0 for customer-initiated transfers, $12.50 for bank-initiated transfers
Capital One 36011.25%$0
ChaseN/AN/A
Citibank18.25%$10 daily transfer fee
PNC BankVaries based on credit approval$50 annually, waived for Performance Select Checking account holders
SunTrust13% to 16%, based on credit approval$7 per month
TD Bank18%$25 annual fee, $10 daily transfer fee
US Bank21.9%$0
Wells FargoVaries based on credit approval$0

An overdraft line of credit is preferable to standard overdraft protection for a couple of reasons. First, you’re paying interest based on what you borrow, not how many transactions you have. Most financial institutions, including all of the top 10 banks, charge multiple overdraft fees in one day so if you have three or four items returned, you could be looking at well over $100 in fees.

The other thing that makes an overdraft line of credit appealing is you have the ability to pay it off over time. If you run into trouble one month and max out your overdraft limit, you don’t have to try and come up with the cash all at once.

Tip: You’ll have to apply for an overdraft line with your bank and your credit and banking history are used to determine how high your limit is.

Checkless accounts cannot overdraw

Checkless bank accounts are a relatively new phenomenon but they’re catching on at big banks. These accounts are usually structured so that any transactions that would push your account into the negative are automatically declined, which means you won’t have to worry about paying any additional overdraft fees.

Customers who sign up for these accounts are giving up check-writing privileges.

A checkless account is a good choice if you don’t normally write checks and you’re not keen on the idea of paying the interest that goes along with having an overdraft line of credit. There are, however, some drawbacks to keep in mind.

Account Balance vs. Available Balance

It is important for you to realize that there is a big difference between your account balance and available balance. Your current account balance takes into account all of the transactions you have made up to that point.

On the other hand, your available balance is your current balance without all the holds you have on your funds — including any deposits on hold, debit card holds for pending purchases, and payments using your debit card.

The account balance shows the entire amount posted to your account, including funds that have yet to clear, while the available balance shows the immediate amount that is accessible to you for use or withdrawal. Confusing these two numbers may cause you to spend more than you actually have in your account.

What to Do After an Overdraft Charge

If you’re protected by an overdraft service, you should make it your priority to repay it as soon as possible by depositing or transferring the necessary funds into your account. Be sure to add enough money to cover the current overdraft fees, any other fees, and the overdraft amount.

If you don’t clear your overdraft within the bank’s required timeframe, you will be charged an extended overdraft fee. It is assessed when your account has a negative balance for five consecutive business days. If you accrue more than five overdrafts within a one year period, some banks may charge an additional fee for each overdraft or returned item on your account.

To prevent yourself from having to pay such expensive fees, consider signing up for the overdraft protection service offered by your bank.

Overdraft Protection

In addition to the basic overdraft services that are covered through many checking accounts, some banks also offer overdraft protection services. These services guarantee that your charges will be paid for and you will not incur a non-sufficient funds charge.

Many banks offer overdraft protection services — automatically transferring available funds from a linked savings account, credit card, or line of credit designed especially to cover overdraft charges. The big advantage of the overdraft protection service is that it’s usually less expensive than standard overdraft fees.

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